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Internal Revenue Code Section 72(t)

Internal Revenue Code Section 72(t)

Here’s the entire code sub-section:

72(t) 10-PERCENT ADDITIONAL TAX ON EARLY DISTRIBUTIONS FROM QUALIFIED RETIREMENT PLANS. --

72(t)(1) IMPOSITION OF ADDITIONAL TAX. --If any taxpayer receives any amount from a qualified retirement plan (as defined in section 4974(c)), the taxpayer's tax under this chapter for the taxable year in which such amount is received shall be increased by an amount equal to 10 percent of the portion of such amount which is includible in gross income.

72(t)(2) SUBSECTION NOT TO APPLY TO CERTAIN DISTRIBUTIONS. --Except as provided in paragraphs (3) and (4), paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following distributions:

72(t)(2)(A) IN GENERAL. --Distributions which are --

72(t)(2)(A)(i) made on or after the date on which the employee attains age 591/2 ,

72(t)(2)(A)(ii) made to a beneficiary (or to the estate of the employee) on or after the death of the employee,

72(t)(2)(A)(iii) attributable to the employee's being disabled within the meaning of subsection (m)(7),

72(t)(2)(A)(iv) part of a series of substantially equal periodic payments (not less frequently than annually) made for the life (or life expectancy) of the employee or the joint lives (or joint life expectancies) of such employee and his designated beneficiary,

72(t)(2)(A)(v) made to an employee after separation from service after attainment of age 55,

72(t)(2)(A)(vi) dividends paid with respect to stock of a corporation which are described in section 404(k), or

72(t)(2)(A)(vii) made on account of a levy under section 6331 on the qualified retirement plan.

72(t)(2)(B) MEDICAL EXPENSES. --Distributions made to the employee (other than distributions described in subparagraph (A), (C) or (D)) to the extent such distributions do not exceed the amount allowable as a deduction under section 213 to the employee for amounts paid during the taxable year for medical care (determined without regard to whether the employee itemizes deductions for such taxable year).

72(t)(2)(C) PAYMENTS TO ALTERNATE PAYEES PURSUANT TO QUALIFIED DOMESTIC RELATIONS ORDERS. --Any distribution to an alternate payee pursuant to a qualified domestic relations order (within the meaning of section 414(p)(1)).

72(t)(2)(D) DISTRIBUTIONS TO UNEMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS FOR HEALTH INSURANCE PREMIUMS. --

72(t)(2)(D)(i) IN GENERAL. --Distributions from an individual retirement plan to an individual after separation from employment --

72(t)(2)(D)(i)(I) if such individual has received unemployment compensation for 12 consecutive weeks under any Federal or State unemployment compensation law by reason of such separation,

72(t)(2)(D)(i)(II) if such distributions are made during any taxable year during which such unemployment compensation is paid or the succeeding taxable year, and

72(t)(2)(D)(i)(III) to the extent such distributions do not exceed the amount paid during the taxable year for insurance described in section 213(d)(1)(D) with respect to the individual and the individual's spouse and dependents (as defined in section 152, determined without regard to subsections (b)(1), (b)(2), and (d)(1)(B) thereof).

72(t)(2)(D)(ii) DISTRIBUTIONS AFTER REEMPLOYMENT. --Clause (i) shall not apply to any distribution made after the individual has been employed for at least 60 days after the separation from employment to which clause (i) applies.

72(t)(2)(D)(iii) SELF-EMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS. --To the extent provided in regulations, a self-employed individual shall be treated as meeting the requirements of clause (i)(I) if, under Federal or State law, the individual would have received unemployment compensation but for the fact the individual was self-employed.

72(t)(2)(E) DISTRIBUTIONS FROM INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT PLANS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENSES. --Distributions to an individual from an individual retirement plan to the extent such distributions do not exceed the qualified higher education expenses (as defined in paragraph (7)) of the taxpayer for the taxable year. Distributions shall not be taken into account under the preceding sentence if such distributions are described in subparagraph (A), (C), or (D) or to the extent paragraph (1) does not apply to such distributions by reason of subparagraph (B).

72(t)(2)(F) DISTRIBUTIONS FROM CERTAIN PLANS FOR FIRST HOME PURCHASES. --Distributions to an individual from an individual retirement plan which are qualified first-time homebuyer distributions (as defined in paragraph (8)). Distributions shall not be taken into account under the preceding sentence if such distributions are described in subparagraph (A), (C), (D), or (E) or to the extent paragraph (1) does not apply to such distributions by reason of subparagraph (B).

72(t)(3) LIMITATIONS. --

72(t)(3)(A) CERTAIN EXCEPTIONS NOT TO APPLY TO INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT PLANS. --Subparagraphs (A)(v) and (C) of paragraph (2) shall not apply to distributions from an individual retirement plan.

72(t)(3)(B) PERIODIC PAYMENTS UNDER QUALIFIED PLANS MUST BEGIN AFTER SEPARATION. --Paragraph (2)(A)(iv) shall not apply to any amount paid from a trust described in section 401(a) which is exempt from tax under section 501(a) or from a contract described in section

72(e)(5)(D)(ii) unless the series of payments begins after the employee separates from service.

72(t)(4) CHANGE IN SUBSTANTIALLY EQUAL PAYMENTS. --

72(t)(4)(A) IN GENERAL. --If --

72(t)(4)(A)(i) paragraph (1) does not apply to a distribution by reason of paragraph (2)(A)(iv), and

72(t)(4)(A)(ii) the series of payments under such paragraph are subsequently modified (other than by reason of death or disability) --

72(t)(4)(A)(ii)(I) before the close of the 5-year period beginning with the date of the first payment and after the employee attains age 591/2 , or

72(t)(4)(A)(ii)(II) before the employee attains age 591/2, the taxpayer's tax for the 1st taxable year in which such modification occurs shall be increased by an amount, determined under regulations, equal to the tax which (but for paragraph (2)(A)(iv)) would have been imposed, plus interest for the deferral period.

72(t)(4)(B) DEFERRAL PERIOD. --For purposes of this paragraph, the term "deferral period" means the period beginning with the taxable year in which (without regard to paragraph (2)(A)(iv)) the distribution would have been includible in gross income and ending with the taxable year in which the modification described in subparagraph (A) occurs.

72(t)(5) EMPLOYEE. --For purposes of this subsection, the term "employee" includes any participant, and in the case of an individual retirement plan, the individual for whose benefit such plan was established.

72(t)(6) SPECIAL RULES FOR SIMPLE RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS. --In the case of any amount received from a simple retirement account (within the meaning of section 408(p)) during the 2-year period beginning on the date such individual first participated in any qualified salary reduction arrangement maintained by the individual's employer under section 408(p)(2), paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting "25 percent" for "10 percent".

72(t)(7) QUALIFIED HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENSES. --For purposes of paragraph (2)(E) --

72(t)(7)(A) IN GENERAL. --The term "qualified higher education expenses" means qualified higher education expenses (as defined in section 529(e)(3)) for education furnished to --

72(t)(7)(A)(i) the taxpayer,

72(t)(7)(A)(ii) the taxpayer's spouse, or

72(t)(7)(A)(iii) any child (as defined in section 15(f)(1)) or grandchild of the taxpayer or the taxpayer's spouse, at an eligible educational institution (as defined in section 529(e)(5)).

72(t)(7)(B) COORDINATION WITH OTHER BENEFITS. --The amount of qualified higher education expenses for any taxable year shall be reduced as provided in section 21A(a)(2).

72(t)(8) QUALIFIED FIRST-TIME HOMEBUYER DISTRIBUTIONS. --For purposes of paragraph (2)(F) --

72(t)(8)(A) IN GENERAL. --The term "qualified first-time homebuyer distribution" means any payment or distribution received by an individual to the extent such payment or distribution is used by the individual before the close of the 120th day after the day on which such payment or distribution is received to pay qualified acquisition costs with respect to a principal residence of a first-time homebuyer who is such individual, the spouse of such individual, or any child, grandchild, or ancestor of such individual or the individual's spouse.

72(t)(8)(B) LIFETIME DOLLAR LIMITATION. --The aggregate amount of payments or distributions received by an individual which may be treated as qualified first-time homebuyer distributions for any taxable year shall not exceed the excess (if any) of --

72(t)(8)(B)(i) $10,000, over

72(t)(8)(B)(ii) the aggregate amounts treated as qualified first-time homebuyer distributions with respect to such individual for all prior taxable years.

72(t)(8)(C) QUALIFIED ACQUISITION COSTS. --For purposes of this paragraph, the term "qualified acquisition costs" means the costs of acquiring, constructing, or reconstructing a residence. Such term includes any usual or reasonable settlement, financing, or other closing costs.

72(t)(8)(D) FIRST-TIME HOMEBUYER; OTHER DEFINITIONS. --For purposes of this paragraph --

72(t)(8)(D)(i) FIRST-TIME HOMEBUYER. --The term "first-time homebuyer" means any individual if --

72(t)(8)(D)(i)(I) such individual (and if married, such individual's spouse) had no present ownership interest in a principal residence during the 2-year period ending on the date of acquisition of the principal residence to which this paragraph applies, and

72(t)(8)(D)(i)(II) subsection (h) or (k) of section 1034 (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this paragraph) did not suspend the running of any period of time specified in section 1034 (as so in effect) with respect to such individual on the day before the date the distribution is applied pursuant to subparagraph (A).

72(t)(8)(D)(ii) PRINCIPAL RESIDENCE. --The term "principal residence" has the same meaning as when used in section 121.

72(t)(8)(D)(iii) DATE OF ACQUISITION. --The term "date of acquisition" means the date --

72(t)(8)(D)(iii)(I) on which a binding contract to acquire the principal residence to which subparagraph (A) applies is entered into, or

72(t)(8)(D)(iii)(II) on which construction or reconstruction of such a principal residence is commenced.

72(t)(8)(E) SPECIAL RULE WHERE DELAY IN ACQUISITION. --If any distribution from any individual retirement plan fails to meet the requirements of subparagraph (A) solely by reason of a delay or cancellation of the purchase or construction of the residence, the amount of the distribution may be contributed to an individual retirement plan as provided in section 408(d)(3)(A)(i) (determined by substituting "120th day" for "60th day" in such section), except that --

72(t)(8)(E)(i) section 408(d)(3)(B) shall not be applied to such contribution, and

72(t)(8)(E)(ii) such amount shall not be taken into account in determining whether section 408(d)(3)(B) applies to any other amount.

72(t)(9) SPECIAL RULE FOR ROLLOVERS TO SECTION 457 PLANS. --For purposes of this subsection, a distribution from an eligible deferred compensation plan (as defined in section457(b)) of an eligible employer described in section 457(e)(1)(A) shall be treated as a distribution from a qualified retirement plan described in 4974(c)(1) to the extent that such distribution is attributable to an amount transferred to an eligible deferred compensation plan from a qualified retirement plan (as defined in section 4974(c)).

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